Best Time to Visit Upper Mustang

Best Time to Visit Upper Mustang

Posted on: May 23, 2023

Nestled in the mystical rain shadow area of Nepal lies the enchanting Upper Mustang region. This hidden gem offers a unique blend of natural beauty, ancient culture, and unparalleled trekking experiences. The best time to visit Upper Mustang largely depends on weather conditions, accessibility, and local festivals.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the different seasons and provide valuable insights to help you plan your visit to this captivating destination.


Located in Nepal’s rain shadow region, Upper Mustang is a fascinating destination that offers a blend of stunning natural beauty, rich ancient culture, and exciting trekking opportunities.

This remote area, accessible to tourists since 1992, showcases arid landscapes, awe-inspiring cliffs, and centuries-old monasteries, including the renowned Lo Man Thang.

The best time to visit Upper Mustang Nepal depends on your preferences. Spring and autumn offer pleasant weather, vibrant landscapes, and blooming flowers, while winter provides a tranquil atmosphere and snow-covered vistas.

Despite being in the rain shadow, Upper Mustang experiences sporadic showers during the monsoon season, offering a unique off-season adventure. Exploring this captivating region introduces you to remote villages, ancient monasteries, and the warm hospitality of the local people.

The trekking routes present challenges like high passes and rugged terrains, making it an exhilarating journey for adventurers. Plan your visit to Upper Mustang and discover its enchanting allure.

Upper Mustang

 Bridge at Upper Mustang

Upper Mustang is Located in the northern parts of Nepal, It is a remote region that was open to tourists in 1992. It boasts awe-inspiring landscapes, dramatic cliffs, and ancient monasteries, including the iconic Lo Manthang.

Due to its geographical location, Upper Mustang experiences arid and desert-like conditions, making it a captivating rain shadow area.

The Upper Mustang Weather Conditions:

Winter Season:

The winter season (December to February) in Upper Mustang is cold, especially during the night, with daytime temperatures ranging from 5°C to 10°C (41°F to 50°F). The region receives minimal precipitation, and the mountain peaks are often covered in snow, creating a picturesque landscape.

While the winter season offers solitude and stunning vistas, it’s essential to prepare for extreme cold and limited facilities.

Spring Season:

Spring (March to May) is considered one of the best times to visit the Upper Mustang. The weather starts to warm up, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F) during the day. The entire region comes alive with vibrant blooms, and the snow-capped mountains provide a stunning backdrop.

The pleasant weather and clear skies make it ideal for upper Mustang trekking, allowing you to witness the beauty of the Upper Mustang in all its glory.

Monsoon Season:

The monsoon season (June to September) brings rain to most parts of Nepal, but Upper Mustang lies in the rain shadow, offering a unique experience during this time. While the southern parts of Nepal experience heavy rainfall, Upper Mustang remains relatively dry with sporadic showers.

The Upper Mustang temperature ranges between 15°C and 25°C (59°F to 77°F), making it a viable option for those seeking off-season adventures. However, be prepared for occasional showers and limited accessibility due to landslides.

Autumn Season:

Autumn (October to November) is another popular time to visit Upper Mustang. The weather is mild, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 15°C (50°F to 59°F) during the day. The skies are generally clear, offering breathtaking views of the Himalayas.

This season is considered the peak trekking season, attracting a significant number of visitors. It’s advisable to book accommodations and permits in advance due to the high demand during this time.

Festivals and Cultural Experiences:

Tiji Festival:

 Tiji Festival at Upper Mustang

One of the most captivating cultural events in Upper Mustang is the Tiji Festival. Celebrated in Lo Manthang, the capital of Upper Mustang, this vibrant festival showcases ancient rituals, music, dance performances, and masked ceremonies.

Tiji Festival usually takes place in May and is a wonderful opportunity to immerse yourself in the local culture and witness the unique traditions of the region.

Interacting with the Local People:

Visiting Upper Mustang provides a chance to engage with the local communities and learn about their way of life. The region is predominantly inhabited by the Loba people who have preserved their Tibetan Buddhist traditions for centuries.

Interacting with them offers a deep insight into their customs, architecture, and daily routines. The warm hospitality of the locals adds an enriching dimension to your journey.

Planning Your Upper Mustang Trek:

Upper Mustang Trek:

The Upper Mustang Trek is a mesmerizing journey that takes you through remote villages, rugged landscapes, and ancient monasteries. The duration of the trek can vary depending on your preferences, ranging from 10 to 18 days.

It’s advisable to choose a reputable trekking agency and hire a guide to ensure a safe and memorable experience.

Trekking Experience:

The Upper Mustang trek is suitable for both professional trekkers and beginners. However, a moderate level of fitness is recommended due to the high altitude and challenging terrain.

Proper acclimatization is crucial to prevent altitude sickness. Carrying essential trekking gear, including sturdy footwear, warm clothing, and a good backpack, is essential for a comfortable journey.

What will you come across in this trek?

During the Upper Mustang trek, you will come across a variety of captivating sights and experiences. Here are some highlights of what you can expect along the trek:

Scenic Landscapes:

As you traverse through the Upper Mustang region, you’ll come across breathtaking landscapes that vary from arid desert-like terrain to lush green valleys.

The dramatic cliffs, deep gorges, and towering Himalayan peaks create a stunning backdrop for your journey. The unique geology of the area, including rock formations and eroded canyons, adds to the allure of the trek.

Ancient Monasteries and Caves:

Upper Mustang is renowned for its rich Buddhist heritage. Throughout the trek, you’ll encounter numerous ancient monasteries, gompas, and Chortens (Buddhist shrines).

However, These monastic sites hold great religious and cultural significance and offer a glimpse into the region’s spiritual traditions. You may have the opportunity to witness religious ceremonies and interact with resident monks, enriching your cultural experience.

Remote Villages and Local Communities:

The trek takes you through remote villages, allowing you to experience the traditional lifestyle of the local people. The villages in Upper Mustang are home to the Loba people, who have had their Tibetan Buddhist customs safe for centuries.

However, You can observe their unique architecture, visit traditional homes, and engage with the friendly locals, gaining insights into their daily lives and age-old traditions.

Lo Manthang – The Capital of Upper Mustang:

Lo Manthang

One of the major highlights of the trek is reaching Lo Manthang, the ancient capital of Upper Mustang. Notably, this walled city holds immense historical and cultural significance.

As you explore the narrow alleys and visit the royal palace and monasteries within the city, you’ll feel transported to a bygone era. Additionally, the distinct Tibetan influence is evident in the architecture, art, and lifestyle of the inhabitants.

Additionally, the distinct Tibetan influence is evident in the architecture, art, and lifestyle of the inhabitants.

Tiji Festival:

If you time your trek during the Tiji Festival, you’ll have the opportunity to witness this vibrant and unique cultural event. The festival, celebrated in Lo Manthang, showcases ancient rituals, masked dances, and colorful costumes.

This captivating event is a fascinating spectacle that draws both locals and visitors alike. Furthermore, attending the Tiji Festival adds a special dimension to your trek, immersing you in the traditional folklore and religious fervor of the region.

Panoramic Mountain Views:

While Upper Mustang may not have the towering peaks of the Everest or Annapurna regions, the trek still offers mesmerizing mountain vistas. You’ll come across panoramic views of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges, including peaks like Nilgiri, Tukuche, and Tilicho.

The sight of these majestic mountains against the backdrop of the unique Mustang landscapes is truly awe-inspiring.

Challenging Passes and River Crossings:

The Upper Mustang trek presents some challenges in the form of high passes and river crossings. The challenging passes, such as the Nyi La Pass (4,010 meters/13,153 feet) and the Dhakmar La Pass (3,900 meters/12,795 feet), offer exhilarating climbs and rewarding views.

Crossing the Kali Gandaki River, which cuts through the deep gorge, adds an element of adventure to the trek.


Is a special permit required for trekking in Upper Mustang?

Yes, you’ll require a special permit to trek in Upper Mustang. Since it is a restricted area, the

Nepal’s government requires trekkers to obtain a special permit, commonly known as the “Upper Mustang Restricted Area Permit.” In addition, you also need to acquire an Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and a Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS) card.

What is the duration and difficulty level of the Upper Mustang trek?

The duration of the Upper Mustang trek can vary depending on the route and your preferences. Generally, it takes around 10 to 17 days to complete the trek.

Moreover, the difficulty level of the trek is moderate, with several uphill and downhill sections, high altitude, and rugged terrain. Therefore, prior trekking experience and a moderate level of fitness are recommended to enjoy the trek comfortably.

What are the accommodation and food options available during the trek?

Along the Upper Mustang trek route, you’ll find teahouses and lodges that provide basic accommodation facilities. Moreover, the accommodations in the villages are relatively simple, offering twin-sharing rooms with common bathrooms.

Additionally, the availability of amenities may vary depending on the village and altitude. As for food, most teahouses offer a variety of local and international dishes, including dal bhat (traditional Nepali meal), noodles, soups, and snacks. It’s advisable to carry some energy bars or snacks for additional sustenance during the trek.

How high is the maximum altitude during the Upper Mustang trek?

The maximum altitude reached during the Upper Mustang trek is at the historic walled city of Lo Manthang, which is situated at an elevation of approximately 3,850 meters (12,631 feet) above sea level.

Lo Manthang is the cultural and administrative center of the Upper Mustang region and is a major highlight of the trek.

It’s important to acclimatize properly and follow a gradual ascent to minimize the risk of altitude sickness. Adequate rest, hydration, and proper acclimatization days are essential to ensure a safe and enjoyable trek.

What is the best time to trek in the Upper Mustang?

The best time to trek in Upper Mustang is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (October to November) seasons. In spring, the weather starts to warm up, and the rhododendrons and other wildflowers are in full bloom, creating a vibrant landscape.

Additionally, Autumn offers mild temperatures, clear skies, and excellent mountain views. However, treks can also be undertaken in winter (December to February) and monsoon (June to September) with proper preparation and consideration.

The choice of the season depends on your preferences, weather conditions, and the experience you seek.


The best time to visit Upper Mustang, with its captivating landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and unique weather conditions, is a destination like no other. Depending on your preferences, whether you seek solitude in the winter or vibrant blooms in spring, the best time to visit Upper Mustang varies.

Regardless of the season, Upper Mustang promises an unforgettable adventure that will leave you with lifelong memories. So, plan your visit, immerse yourself in the ancient traditions, and embark on a journey to this enchanting rain shadow region.

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